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Friday, November 17

Wednesday, November 15

  1. page Social Decay edited ... North Carolina passes law restricting restroom use to birth gender (March 23, 2016). Click her…
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    North Carolina passes law restricting restroom use to birth gender (March 23, 2016). Click here
    Effects of Social Media
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    negatively impacting society?society (Oct. 2015)? Click here
    Facebook's first president says they knew social media was harmful, addictive (Nov. 2017).
    Click here
    Is technology helping or distracting?
    Drug Epidemic in America
    ...
    Click here
    Crime and Punishment
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    hurt African-Americans.
    Breakdown in Authority
    There has been an increase in animosity towards police in the 2010s claiming the police are racist/the justice system is rigged against blacks. However, are the police racist? The following link gives some stats. Click here
    (view changes)
    6:03 pm

Tuesday, November 14

  1. page Government_Ch6_info edited ... The main job of the Judicial Branch is to interpret the laws and actions of the government bas…
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    The main job of the Judicial Branch is to interpret the laws and actions of the government based on authority from the Constitution. The Supreme Court and the lower federal courts get their power from the Constitution. Jurisdiction is the authority to hear a case. Federal jurisdiction means that the federal court system has the authority to hear a case if it's a federal issue. Federal jurisdiction applies in cases dealing with U.S. laws, treaties, or Constitution interpretations. The court where a case is originally tried and heard is a trial court, which has original jurisdiction. A person can appeal, or seek a review of his/her court case. The court that would hear the appeal would have appellate jurisdiction.
    The Constitution didn't give much information about the role of the Supreme Court. The Constitution did say that the Constitution itself is the "supreme law of the land." The job of the Supreme Court was to maintain this. Under the Articles of Confederation, there was not a central court system to rule when state laws conflicted or when states conflicted with the Confederation Congress. The U.S. Supreme Court would fix this problem. The Supreme Court established its power of judicial review, the power to declare a law unconstitutional, in the court case Marbury v. Madison in 1803. As President Adams's term was almost over, Congress passed a law allowing him to appoint 42 justices of hte peace in D.C. The outgoing secretary of state was able to deliver all but four of the appointments. The new president, Thomas Jefferson, stopped the remaining ones. William Marbury was one of those he stopped, so he sued. He was able to take his case directly to the Supreme Court, which can't be done today. There was a federal law that allowed the Court to force the appointment delivery. The Supreme Court ruled that Marbury had the right to the job, but the law that said the Supreme Court could force the president to act was unconstitutional. This was the first instance of judicial review. The Chief Justice was John Marshall.
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    and 14th amendments.amendments (in terms of application to the states). However, the
    Lower Federal Courts:
    The Constitution establishes the Supreme Court, but the Congress establishes all lower federal courts. The first level of the federal court system are U.S. District Courts. These are trial courts. Today, there are 94 districts. These courts use a grand jury made of 16 to 23 people who hear the charges and determine if there is enough evidence to bring the person to trial. If so, then there is an indictment, or the person is formally charged with a crime. A petit jury is the trial jury that decides guilty or not guilty. There are various officials who work in the court system. The middle level of the federal court system are the Circuit Courts or the Federal Courts of Appeals. These courts hear appeals, or reviews of a case. There are 13 total today (12 judicial circuits or regions with 1 appellate court in each circuit and the 13th being a special appeals court in D.C.). A panel of 3 judges hears the review of the district court case and determines the outcome. The U.S. Supreme Court is the highest court in the land. There is also a federal court of international trade that deals with tariffs and is based in New York City.
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    Influencing Court Decisions:
    The Supreme Court needs to base decisions on the law. The court must explain the legal principles behind new interpretations of the law. Sometimes Supreme Court justices' own views can sway a decision. A swing vote, or the deciding vote, can happen when the court is split on a decision. Usually, the justices have good relations with each other since they work together for most of the year and serve for life. Although they are not elected, Supreme Court justices do have concern for public opinion. Rulings of the court can change as values and beliefs of society change. There can be influence from the president since the president has the power to appoint federal judges and the executive branch has to enforce court decisions. There is also influence from the Congress since the Senate confirms presidential appointments. Also, the Congress can propose amendments to the Constitution.
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    John Roberts, Antonin Scalia,Neil Gorsuch, Samuel Alito,
    The U.S. Constitution guarantees rights to those on trial. The 5th amendment maintains one's right against self-incrimination and cannot be put on trial for the same crime more than once. The 6th amendment to the Constitution guarantees the right to a speedy and public trial by an impartial jury. In criminal cases, there are 12 jurors and all 12 jurors have to agree on a verdict. When the jury can't reach a verdict, when all 12 can't agree, that is called a hung jury. There are two major types of cases - a criminal case is when a law was broken and a civil case is one that is a lawsuit. A class-action suit is a lawsuit on behalf of a whole group, not just one person. A person accused of a crime has the right to counsel, or right to an attorney.
    Judicial Review and Original Intent:
    (view changes)
    11:27 am
  2. page Liberty-and-Leadership edited ... Colonies No More A Nation of Law Influence of the Bible Revival Impacts in American Histo…
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    Colonies No More
    A Nation of Law
    Influence of the Bible
    Revival Impacts in American History
    Constitution Alive
    (view changes)
    9:58 am

Thursday, November 9

  1. page Civil-War_Ch2_webquest edited ... Read the following article on the Southern argument justifying slavery and answer the question…
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    Read the following article on the Southern argument justifying slavery and answer the question below. Click here
    What are the arguments made by Southerners in support of slavery?
    John Quincy Adams devoted his life to ending slavery:
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HhtkAO9PUE8

    Back to the Civil War main page
    (view changes)
    8:42 am

Wednesday, November 8

  1. page WWII_Ch5_webquest edited ... Chapter 5 Web Quest Complete the following web activity on Victory in Japan. On the following…
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    Chapter 5 Web Quest
    Complete the following web activity on Victory in Japan. On the following link there will be several other links. A list below tells the topics to click on. Each one will take you through an animated history of the topic. On paper, write the important information that you learned.
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    date you muchmight run into
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    to simply googleGoogle search each
    Doolittle Raid (click view Doolittle Raid)
    Battle of Midway Island (click The Battle Animation)
    (view changes)
    8:53 am

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