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Wednesday, May 2

  1. page us_ch15_lesson3 edited ... (5) Other Issues America has changed over the decades. Many claim there has been a decay in s…
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    (5) Other Issues
    America has changed over the decades. Many claim there has been a decay in society as secularism took the place of Judeo-Christian tradtions in the public arena such as schools and the government. Our society has become more permissive.
    --- The Changing Family (Pew Research study on how families are changing since the 1960s). Click here
    --- Gun Control vs. 2nd Amendment
    After the shootings at Sandy Hook Elementary, President Obama pushed for more gun control legislation. There was a ban on assault rifles put in 1994 and it expired in 2004. The evidence showed that it didn't really stop gun violence since there were numerous classifications of assault rifles that weren't banned. Plus, a gun ban doesn't stop what is already out there. Liberals favor more gun control and even bans while conservatives support the 2nd amendment's right to bear arms for self-defense. Below is a picture that shows gun violence through the decades.
    {Homicide-rates.jpg}

    --- Guns and violence analysis.
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    7:46 am

Tuesday, May 1

  1. page us_ch15_lesson2 edited ... Economic Issues America's debt has risen over the decades as you know from studying U.S. Hist…
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    Economic Issues
    America's debt has risen over the decades as you know from studying U.S. History. As we approach a debt of $20 trillion, the payments on the interest alone increase. America has become immune to out of control spending at all levels. For decades, the federal government and all 50 states continued to increase spending. When more money was needed, government officials either borrowed the money running a deficit or increased taxes. Even today there are calls to raise taxes even more. You also know from studying that increasing taxes and spending doesn't improve the economy but rather it locks people into more government control. In 2010, several states (including PA) elected governors and legislatures that would balance their budgets and get spending under control. Of course when you rein in spending and balance the budget something is going to get cut. Most Americans want spending cuts but not their own spending cuts...case in point...go ask your teachers how they feel about Governor Corbett!!!
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    The richest paypaid 39.6% income
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    the U.S. hashad the highest
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    corporations do. In December 2017 major tax reform was passed which lowered taxes for all income tax payers and for businesses. As a result the economy began growing again, which shows the history at work again.
    Wasteful spending is something many Americans are unaware of. In addition, most Americans don't realize that if America's debt gets so high that our nation defaults, it will be catastrophic for 100% of Americans. Let's get educated on this issue!
    Are we a welfare nation?
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Thursday, April 26

  1. page Government_Constitutional_Literacy edited ... Does the Bill of Rights Apply to the States? The Establishment of Religion ... Exercise Cl…
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    Does the Bill of Rights Apply to the States?
    The Establishment of Religion
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    Exercise Clause (Part 1)
    Free Exercise Clause (Part 2)

    Freedom of Speech and Press
    Freedom of Association
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  2. page Constitutional-Literacy-9 edited Section Section 9: Free Exercise Clause (Part 1) The Free ... religious beliefs. If a…

    Section

    Section
    9: Free Exercise Clause (Part 1)
    The Free
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    religious beliefs.
    If a law is written in a way that is unconstitutional in every application then it is unconstitutional "on its face." If a police chief was allowed to give parade permits to groups that the chief found responsible, it would be unconstitutional on its face since such a law would leave too much discretion to the police chief (who would be determining which groups were responsible and which were not). If the law would be constitutional in some applications, but not others, it is unconstitutional "as applied." For example, if a state passes a law forbidding a corporation from spending any money to support a candidate for office. What about newspapers? Under such a law, newspapers wouldn't be able to write editorials. This law would be unconstitutional as applied if someone tried to stop a newspaper from writing editorials (opinions).
    Comprehension Question: What is the difference between a law that is unconstitutional "on its face" and a law that is unconstitutional "as applied?"
    State

    State
    governments as
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    the Catholic churchChurch requires the
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    religion clauses bindedbound state governments
    Comprehension Question: How did the ruling of the Cantwell case impact the states?
    Comprehension Question: What did the Supreme Court in Cantwell say was absolute in terms of protection?
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    to violate laws.
    What
    laws.What has the
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    less restrictive fashion?
    Comprehension
    fashion?Comprehension Question: What
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    power?
    Examples:
    Was the person pursuing a sincere religious belief? The only time this issue arises is when a prisoner finds a belief that would change how the prisoner is treated in prison. There was one case of a Jehovah’s Witness in a factory making war goods. Religious beliefs are constitutionally protected and that worker couldn't be fired for not making the war goods.
    Did the law impose a substantial burden on the exercise of one’s religious beliefs? The Supreme Court approached this differently than originally intended. In one case when the Amish failed to send children to school after 8th grade, they were prosecuted. It should’ve been sufficient for the Amish to point out their faith and claimed they’d be putting the children’s souls at risk by sending them to a public (secular) school. The Supreme Court looking into the belief as subjective. Usually pointing out one’s belief will win this step, then move to the third step.
    Does the law fulfill a compelling governmental interest? Compelling interest test – two separate inquiries – How important is the goal of the government's law or program? The standard is that the government's goal must be “an interest of the highest order.” Does the government program actually achieve the stated government interest? For example when home schooling was an issue – if a state passed a law that said all teachers had to be certified…their compelling interest was to make sure all children were literate and self-sufficient, but another question is that does having ONLY a certified teacher reach this goal? That government program didn’t need to be there to achieve that goal.
    Could this interest be accomplished in a less restrictive fashion? Example – Amish buggies – refused to put lights on – but can’t have them at night not being seen – less restrictive alternative allowed reflective tape and still met goal.
    ...
    the Founders intent --- change seen in part 2intent.
    Discussion Question: What are some of the differences between the goals of the Establishment Clause and the goals of the Free Exercise Clause? Why are both clauses important?
    Discussion Question: "Religious freedom should allow people to do anything they want except - - - - - -." What do you think should be the principled rule that finishes this statement?
    Overall:Justice Scalia's opinion in the Smith Case made free exercise definitions that aren't correct. Scalia's decision has altered the Free Exercise Clause. Scalia usually rules correctly on the intent of the Founding Fathers, but not on this one. In 1990, the Supreme Court ruled in Employment Divisions v. Smith in which two Native Americans were employed as drug counselors. They were taking peyote, an illegal drug, and were fired even though they were taking it for a religious ceremony. A precedent had been set in Sherbert v. Verner in which a Seventh Day Adventist was allowed to have unemployment rather than work on Saturday saying that the state law denying her unemployment benefits kept her from free exercise of her faith. In Thomas v. Review Board a Jehovah's Witness quit because his job required him to make materials that were being used to make war goods. both cases came up because their state laws allowed them to collect unemployment if they quit their job due to a "good cause." The Supreme Court held in both cases that benefits couldn't be denied due to religious grounds. The difference in the Smith case is that it involved a criminal violation even though there was religious activity. Can Native Americans take illegal drugs for ceremonial purposes? In the Sherbert four part test (from part 1), the Natives should've lost just look at that test. The Natives did lose, but Scalia's reason greatly changed the Free Exercise Clause.Comprehension Question: What is the basic rule from Employment Divisions v. Smith?The reasoning of the result is what is important. Scalia is usually a hero to social conservatives (the group that is the most outspoken in support of the free exercise of religion), but his theory was shocking. No one argued that the Supreme Court should adopt his theory - he developed it on his own and it would change future cases. The Supreme Court could've just ruled against the Natives with the reasoning that their actions were illegal and that illegal activity was not the original intent of the Free Exercise Clause. However, Scalia's opinion did much more than this.There were no original intent materials or justification, just the rule. The Free Exercise Clause cannot be used to challenge a neutral law of general applicability. For example, all teachers required to be certified is a neutral law - if a person's religion leads them to want to home school, then the Scalia decision wouldn't allow that family to challenge such a law since home school students generally aren't taught by state certified teachers. Scalia wrote "We have never held that an individual’s religious beliefs excuse him from compliance with an otherwise valid law prohibiting conduct that the state is free to regulate.” However, there were past cases.
    Minersville School District v. Gobitis in 1940 allowed schools to expel Jehovah’s Witnesses for not taking part in the flag salute. Violence erupted against J.W.’s with some justifying saying the Supreme Court said they were traitors.
    West Virginia Board of Education v. Barnette 1942 overturned the previous decision…cannot force J.W.’s to do flag salute - Justice Jackson argued that "[i]f there is any fixed star in our constitutional constellation, it is that no official, high or petty, can prescribe what shall be orthodox in politics, nationalism, religion, or other matters of opinion or force citizens to confess by word or act their faith therein."
    Scalia said the Barnette case ruled how they did because of speech (reading the decision, one can see that’s not true).
    There were past cases that ruled on Free Exercise – Murdock v. Pennsylvania and Wisconsin v. Yoder (so Scalia was wrong when saying there weren’t past decisions).
    Nevertheless, Scalia’s writing for the majority opinion has made it clear that no one can seek an exemption from a law for religious reasons in terms of the Free Exercise Clause.
    Example – a number of states and local governments have adopted homosexual rights laws forbidding employers from discriminating based on a person’s sexual orientation. A church in San Francisco was in court due to firing the organist on the grounds of the organist being a homosexual. The church won…this was before the Smith case. This case would be different after Smith. After the Smith case, Scalia's reasoning, the church wouldn’t be able to argue for an exemption to the law based on religious grounds.
    Serving alcohol to minors is illegal. Churches that serve wine in communion have been exempted on religious grounds. Technically, after the Smith Case, if charges were brought up against clergy that did this, the Supreme Court would rule against the clergy since the Free Exercise Clause is not grounds for exemption to a law. Now, no local authority is going to be foolish enough (as of now anyways] to challenge this practice in a church or go after a church, but S-Ps are out there). The Supreme Court says that states could punish people for religious acts that violate a law. States don’t have to and can write state codes that put in exemptions.
    What happens if a woman applies to be a pastor or priest in a church that holds the position for men? The church would lose after the Smith Case for discrimination since they can’t use Free Exercise Clause.
    The Free Exercise Clause is the only right in the Bill of Rights that is under this type of restriction.
    Religious Freedom Restoration Act in 1993 – coalition of lawmakers in response to the Smith Case. Religious groups from all factions and even the ACLU were all represented and on board. This act protected religious freedom using the Sherbert 4 part test to rule on religious freedom. It passed the House and Senate and was signed by President Clinton.
    Victory for religious freedom was short lived because in 1997, the Supreme Court ruled that the RFRA was unconstitutional in Boerne v. Flores saying it was the singular duty of the Supreme Court to interpret laws, not the Congress even though the law didn’t interpret, it merely set guidelines for the Free Exercise Clause.
    Comprehension Question: How did Justice Scalia's opinion alter the Free Exercise Clause and why is this a danger in terms of the free exercise of religion?
    Comprehension Question: What was good about the RFRA and negative in the Supreme Court ruling it as unconstitutional?
    How can the Free Exercise Clause be protected today?
    Some states have RFRA legislation at the state level that guarantees the same protections prior to Smith…but only for state laws.
    It's possible to argue on free speech rather than free exercise…Scalia did develop the “Hybrid Rights Theory” that rights could be combined if violated…so one could argue rights are violated in terms of a combination of free speech and free exercise of religion. Lower courts haven’t been friendly with the Hybrid Rights Theory by rejecting it.
    A 2006 decision in Gonzales v. O Centro Espirita Beneficente Uniao Do Vegetal said RFRA can be applied to the Federal government, but not the states. The 4 part test can be used for Federal laws.
    In 2012, Marco Rubio (R-FL) introduced RFRA legislation. It is currently in committee and probably will not be brought out of committee on partisan grounds.
    Discussion Question: What are some ways that the "political correctness" movement and the Secular-Progressive movement violates the following statement from West Virginia v. Barnette? "If there is any fixed star in our constitutional constellation, it is that no official, high or petty, can prescribe what shall be orthodox in politics, nationalism, religion, or other matters of opinion, or force citizens to confess by word or act their faith therein. If there are any circumstances which permit an exception, they do not now occur to us."Overall:
    Summarize the
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    4:23 am

Wednesday, April 25

  1. page us_ch15_lesson6 edited ... George W. Bush: War on Terror after 9/11; tax cuts revived economy; No Child Left Behind; bill…
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    George W. Bush: War on Terror after 9/11; tax cuts revived economy; No Child Left Behind; bill to help pay for prescription drugs (Medicare); problems from prolonged wars and Katrina; financial collapse end of term – bailout. Debt from $5.5 trillion to $10.6 trillion.
    Barack Obama: economy worsened – bigger stimulus/bailout didn’t work (based on economic stats - nearly a trillion put into the economy, economy still struggling); Obamacare; increased debt more than any in history (from $10.6 trillion to over $20 trillion); favored Cap and Trade (higher taxes on oil, coal, and electric power plants that use oil and coal); committed to Progressive beliefs; favors taxing the rich to redistribute to the poor; drone missile attacks on terror sites. Rise of ISIS after pulling troops out of Iraq.
    Donald Trump: Major taxCampaigned on returning America to traditional values (Judeo-Christian foundation; embrace capitalism). Tax reform - cut ratespersonal and amount of taxescorporate taxes; also eliminated individual mandate on health care (under the health care law Americans had to be paidhave health care – this eliminated that force); also opened oil drilling in Alaska. Pushed for all American tax payers. Made cuts to the business tax rate from the highestborder security. Change in the world to one of the lowest. Military plan to go after ISIS worked - ISIS lost its controlled territory. Was willing to confront North Korea, which brought them to the negotiating table. Looked forpresidential style being more border security to stop illegal immigrationoutspoken especially over drugs, more drilling for oil in America.with theuse of social media (Twitter).
    *Be sure you’ve read each and ask if there’s an aspect you’re not sure of.
    Top 5 Patriots and why – non-Presidents…must be American:
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  2. page us_ch15_lesson6 edited ... George W. Bush: War on Terror after 9/11; tax cuts revived economy; No Child Left Behind; bill…
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    George W. Bush: War on Terror after 9/11; tax cuts revived economy; No Child Left Behind; bill to help pay for prescription drugs (Medicare); problems from prolonged wars and Katrina; financial collapse end of term – bailout. Debt from $5.5 trillion to $10.6 trillion.
    Barack Obama: economy worsened – bigger stimulus/bailout didn’t work (based on economic stats - nearly a trillion put into the economy, economy still struggling); Obamacare; increased debt more than any in history (from $10.6 trillion to over $20 trillion); favored Cap and Trade (higher taxes on oil, coal, and electric power plants that use oil and coal); committed to Progressive beliefs; favors taxing the rich to redistribute to the poor; drone missile attacks on terror sites. Rise of ISIS after pulling troops out of Iraq.
    Donald Trump: Major tax reform - cut rates and amount of taxes to be paid for all American tax payers. Made cuts to the business tax rate from the highest in the world to one of the lowest. Military plan to go after ISIS worked - ISIS lost its controlled territory. Was willing to confront North Korea, which brought them to the negotiating table. Looked for more border security to stop illegal immigration especially over drugs, more drilling for oil in America.
    *Be sure you’ve read each and ask if there’s an aspect you’re not sure of.
    Top 5 Patriots and why – non-Presidents…must be American:
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  3. page us_ch15_lesson4 edited ... Social: Americans were hurt by the 1970s recession and oil crisis and felt powerless with the …
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    Social: Americans were hurt by the 1970s recession and oil crisis and felt powerless with the Iran Hostage Crisis. The 1970s saw major changes to the family and a breakdown of the family. With the Pill on the market, sex without consequence grew in terms of the mentality. Women waited longer before starting a family and pursued careers. Husbands and wives bought bigger homes and more expensive cars with both incomes and with those came bigger mortgages and even when children came, the wife often still had to work. This would be the start of an increase in two-income families and a decrease in single-income families. The Feminist movement successfully pushed for the legalization of abortion. As a results, abortions skyrocketted across the U.S. No fault divorce laws (another Feminist push) also led to an increase in divorces in the nation as now more older men were leaving their wives for younger women. This also led to more single-mothers and single-parent homes. The environmentalist movement had already started, sparked by Rachel Carson's book Silent Spring. The EPA was a government agency that would put environmental regulations on businesses. Technology was improving with microwaves and VCRs. Rock 'n' Roll was still popular, but Disco and Punk Rock were new in the 1970s. Cable TV developed from the 1970s into the 1980s. A retail revolution was growing as Sam Walton and Wal Mart grew. The real estate industry grew with Donald Trump as one of the wealthiest. Nintendo and the Sony Walkman were new. Computers were starting to go on the market. Rap and pop rock were developing.
    Economic: Major recession and inflation in the 1970s. Oil crisis led to major shortages and long gas lines. The oil crisis and new EPA regulations would lead to a push for more fuel efficient cars. The new catalytic converter would cut down on emissions but could only be used on unleaded gas. Environmentalists were happy to get rid of leaded gas saying it caused pollution, but one does not get as good gas mileage using unleaded gas so one would have to use more gas. Cars lost power as well and so the 1970s saw the start of cars being made smaller with cheaper materials. However, the cars were less safe, which led to government safety regulations - seat belts, air bags, etc. Due to the environmental and then safety regulations, cars would be made smaller with cheaper materials and therefore less safe, but more expensive. Adding to the reasons for the expenses was union labor. Unions were able to get very high wages for workers...good for the workers...bad for the consumer - high prices. The steel industry also began to decline for those same reasons. Ronald Reagan's tax cuts revived the economy and led to economic success in the 1980s. The auto and steel industries were declining, but technology industries were growing especially in Silicon Valley where businesses used the integrated circuit.
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    Moral Crossroads (1989-2000):(1989-2008):
    Political: The Berlin Wall came down and the Soviet Union collapsed ending the Cold War (George H.W. Bush in office by that point). The Persian Gulf War was one of the U.S. and the U.N. after Saddam Hussein and Iraq invaded Kuwait. Bill Clinton became President, but had to deal with numerous scandals - Whitewater (land deal), Travelgate (Hillary Clinton replacing travel office with friends), Chinagate (second term issue of money for campaign coming from China), but worse of all affairs, which led to impeachment from perjury over an affair with Monica Lewinsky. The Republicans gained control of Congress after a bad first two years with Clinton (failed health care overall led by Hillary), which led to budget battles between Clinton and Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich - Republicans wanted to cut spending, Clinton did not...led to government shut down. Media blamed Gingrich. In the end, Clinton agreed to balanced budgets with the Republican Congress and by the end of the 1990s, the government had a surplus. The U.S. got out of Somalia when American soldiers were killed and our enemies developed the "Mogadishu strategy" to kill enough Americans so the public demands withdrawal. The U.S. went after Slobodan Milosevic in the Balkans. Osama bin Laden launched terror attacks on the U.S. with little retaliation.
    Social: Going into 1992, the public was upset with the national debt and yearly deficits as well as pork barrel spending by Congressmen. All are still problems today. The Clinton affairs symbolized an overall breakdown in the nation's moral values, which was underway since the 1970s. Media having a liberal bias grew (always had a liberal bias since TV, but starting to show bias little by little in reporting). The L.A.race riots took place after white police officers were found not guilty after the beating of Rodney King who resisted arrest when speeding and got violent with the cops. It showed that there were still tensions when it came to blacks and whites and the law. The Brady Bill began gun control laws and debates over gun control. The Drudge Report and the new Fox News Channel would grow as competitors with the liberal media and became the most reliable news sources. Technology grew with the Internet, CDs, and video games. The O.J. Simpson trial was watched by most Americans. The shootings at Columbine High School led to school safety programs.
    Economic: Defense spending saw major cuts after Cold War spending was no longer needed. President Bush gave in to the Democratic Congress and increased taxes. NAFTA was started by Bush and completed by Clinton, which set up free trade between the U.S., Canada, and Mexico. It increased jobs, although some jobs did move to Canada or Mexico. Welfare reform in the 1990s - pushed by the Republican Congress and at first opposed by Clinton until polls showed the people wanted it. The digital revolution made the 1990s economy successful. The Internet grew as families were buying computers and businesses were moving into the Information Age.
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    with Terrorism (2001-2012):(2009-2017):
    Political: September 11, 2001 forever changed America when al Qaeda launched terror attacks on the U.S. The U.S. went to war in Afghanistan and removed the Taliban and in Iraq removing Saddam Hussein's regime. In both countries, insurgencies developed and kept the U.S. at war for 10 years. Islamic terrorists claiming to be at Jihad became the biggest foreign policy concern. Hurricane Katrina devastated the Gulf Coast region. Barack Obama became the first black president. His presidency included the massive economic stimulus that drastically increased spending and health care overhaul, which had Constitutional issues due to the individual mandate. President Obama favored the liberal view of social justice meaning he believes in higher taxes on the affluent to redistribute to the poor.
    Social: Americans developed a large sense of Patriotism after 9/11. Technology continued to grow as cell phones became mainstream as well as Internet. Social networking grew with Myspace, which was replaced by Facebook. Youtube and Twitter were also famous. Rise of the TEA Party (Taxed Enough Already) pushing for balanced budgets and fiscal responsibility (not wasteful spending) of the government. This group brought awareness of the debt to the public. This group also promoted Christian values. The 2000s saw reality TV grow as well as hip hop style music. GPS navigation devices, laptop computers, DVD players, and high-definition TVs were new. The Occupy Wall Street movement grew as an anti-Capitalist movement looking to demonize those who earn wealth and push for redistribution of wealth by taxing the rich to give to the poor. The nation became very divided on issues between liberals and conservatives especially in the area of self-reliance vs. the Nanny State.
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Friday, March 23

  1. page Constitutional-Literacy-22 edited Section 22: Is the National Debt Unconstitutional? ... We're over $19 $21 trillion in Comp…

    Section 22: Is the National Debt Unconstitutional?
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    We're over $19$21 trillion in
    Comprehension Question: Why is our actual debt in terms of future obligations actually much higher than what is listed as the debt?
    The government has increased the debt by the method explained like the purchasing of a car, but these debt numbers aren't seen in our national debt. We are in debt at least another tens of trillions of dollars on benefits earned, but not yet paid (Mr. Hill is paying in out of each paycheck - Social Security - and will have to be paid through retirement).
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  2. page Constitutional-Literacy-13 edited ... Comprehension Question: What was the decision in the McDonald v. Chicago case and why was it s…
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    Comprehension Question: What was the decision in the McDonald v. Chicago case and why was it significant?
    Discussion Question: Is the right to keep and bear arms a right that you believe should be fundamental? Do you think it's important? Why or why not?
    The mass shooting in Colorado in 1999 to this day 227 people have been killed in fatal school shootings, 227. All right, that's a lot 23 of those elementary kids, that was in Connecticut. However, in 1999 there were 28,874 shooting deaths in America. 28,874 shooting deaths in 1999. In 2017, 15,590 that's almost cut in half. So when the commentators tell you this is out of control. Guns are everywhere People can be undone. It's not true. That in this country. All right these kinds of crimes, shooting crimes are going down.
    Here's the most startling fact of all. In 1999 there were 641,000 victims of gunshots wounds. Last year., 2017, 70,000 from 641,000 to 70,000. So authorities are making progress on solving this problem. No doubt about it. All right. We are not becoming more violent as far as guns are concerned, we're becoming less violent here in America. You'll never hear that. You will never hear that in the national media.
    The mass shooting in Colorado in 1999 to this day 227 people have been killed in fatal school shootings, 227. All right, that's a lot 23 of those elementary kids, that was in Connecticut. However, in 1999 there were 28,874 shooting deaths in America. 28,874 shooting deaths in 1999. In 2017, 15,590 that's almost cut in half. So when the commentators tell you this is out of control. Guns are everywhere People can be undone. It's not true. That in this country. All right these kinds of crimes, shooting crimes are going down.
    Here's the most startling fact of all. In 1999 there were 641,000 victims of gunshots wounds. Last year., 2017, 70,000 from 641,000 to 70,000. So authorities are making progress on solving this problem. No doubt about it. All right. We are not becoming more violent as far as guns are concerned, we're becoming less violent here in America. You'll never hear that. You will never hear that in the national media.
    Discussion Question: What is your analysis of the stats given?

    Overall: Summarize the main idea of this section and why it's important.
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    7:46 am
  3. page Constitutional-Literacy-21 edited ... Discussion Question: Should the United States commit itself to obeying United Nations human ri…
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    Discussion Question: Should the United States commit itself to obeying United Nations human rights treaties even though they have abilities to create more of a global government? Why or why not?
    Discussion Question: What are the major dangers of international law to our republic?
    The mass shooting in Colorado in 1999 to this day 227 people have been killed in fatal school shootings, 227. All right, that's a lot 23 of those elementary kids, that was in Connecticut. However, in 1999 there were 28,874 shooting deaths in America. 28,874 shooting deaths in 1999. In 2017, 15,590 that's almost cut in half. So when the commentators tell you this is out of control. Guns are everywhere People can be undone. It's not true. That in this country. All right these kinds of crimes, shooting crimes are going down.
    Here's the most startling fact of all. In 1999 there were 641,000 victims of gunshots wounds. Last year., 2017, 70,000 from 641,000 to 70,000. So authorities are making progress on solving this problem. No doubt about it. All right. We are not becoming more violent as far as guns are concerned, we're becoming less violent here in America. You'll never hear that. You will never hear that in the national media.
    The mass shooting in Colorado in 1999 to this day 227 people have been killed in fatal school shootings, 227. All right, that's a lot 23 of those elementary kids, that was in Connecticut. However, in 1999 there were 28,874 shooting deaths in America. 28,874 shooting deaths in 1999. In 2017, 15,590 that's almost cut in half. So when the commentators tell you this is out of control. Guns are everywhere People can be undone. It's not true. That in this country. All right these kinds of crimes, shooting crimes are going down.
    Here's the most startling fact of all. In 1999 there were 641,000 victims of gunshots wounds. Last year., 2017, 70,000 from 641,000 to 70,000. So authorities are making progress on solving this problem. No doubt about it. All right. We are not becoming more violent as far as guns are concerned, we're becoming less violent here in America. You'll never hear that. You will never hear that in the national media.

    Overall: Summarize the main idea of this section and why it's important.
    Back to the Constitutional Literacy main page
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    7:45 am

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